STRZYGOWSKI, Josef

STRZYGOWSKI, Josef. Biala, Austrian Silesia (now Bielsko-Biała in Poland) 7.3.1862 — Vienna 2.1.1941. Austrian Art Historian. Professor in Vienna. Son of a cloth manufacturer, and his wife Edle Trass von Friedenfelt, of minor nobility. In 1880 took apprenticeship in a weaving plant, but later abandoned this career. From 1882 studies of art history at Vienna and Berlin, then at Munich. Ph.D. 1885 Munich. Spent three years in Rome, then visited Greece and Russia. From 1887 PD at Vienna in Art History, from 1892 ao. and 1894 ord. Professor at Graz. In 1894-95 in Cairo studying Coptic art. From 1909 Professor of Art History at Vienna University, retired 1933. In 1921-25 also visiting Professor at Åbo Akademi in Turku, Finland. Died of cancer.

Unlike most of his romanocentric colleagues Strzygowski emphasised the importance of Oriental influences in Western art, but also with clear racist undertones (spoiling influence of Semitic art, Armenian art appreciated as “Aryan”). Among his many students were Dietz, Kramrisch, Speneder, Wachsberger and Wellesz.

Publications: Much on Christian (diss. Ikonographie der Taufe Christi. 1885), Europaean, Nordic, Arabic, Armenian, Coptic, etc. art.

Orient oder Rom: Beiträge zur Geschichte der spätantiken und frühchristlichen Kunst. 159 p. Lp. 1901; Die bildende Kunst des Ostens. 7+86 p. 28 fig. Lp. 1916;

“Seidenstoffe aus Ägypten im Kaiser Friedrich Museum, Wechselwirkungen zwischen China, Persien und Syrien in spätantiker Zeit”, Jahrbuch der Königlich Preussischen Kunstsammlungen 24, 1903, 147-178; “Ostasien im Rahmen der vergleichenden Kunstforschung”, Ostas. Z. 2, 1913, 1-15.

– “Der grosse hellenistische Kunstkreis im Innern Asiens”, Zeitschr. für Assyriologie 17, 1912, 139-146; Altai-Iran und Völkerwanderung. 12+319 p. Lp. 1917.

Die Baukunst der Armenier und Europa. 1–2. Vienna 1918.

Die indische Miniaturen im Schlosse Schönbrunn. 3 p. 60 pl. Vienna 1923.

Asiens bildende Kunst in Stichproben, ihr Wesen und ihre Entwicklung. 21+779 p. Augsburg 1930.

“Griechischer Iranismus in buddhistischer Bildnerei”, Art. As. 4, 1930-32, 118-126, 185-191 & 5, 1935, 5-9.

With H. Glück, S. Kramrisch and E. Wellesz: Asiatische Miniaturenmalerei im Anschluss an Wesen und Werden der Mogulmalerei. 233 p. 108 pl. Arbeiten des Kunsthist. Inst. 50. Klagenfurt 193?.

Spuren indogermanischen Glaubens in der Bildenden Kunst. 20+496 p. Heidelberg 1936; Das indogermanische Ahnenerbe des deutschen Volkes und die Kunstgeschichte der Zukunft. 144 p. Vienna 1941; Europas Machtkunst im Rahmen des Erdkreises. 749 p. Vienna 1943.

Sources: Bihl 57; K. Johns, J. of Art Historiography 17, 2017, 1-46 (online, manly bibliography); Wikipedia with photo (another photo, list of books and further refrences in in German version).

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