BENDER, Harold Herman

BENDER, Harold Herman. Martinsburg, W.Va. 20.4.1882 — 15.8.1951. U.S. IE, Indo-Iranian, and Lithuanian Scholar. Professor in Princeton. Born in an old American family. A.B. 1903 Lafayette College, then studied Sanskrit and IE at Johns Hopkins in Baltimore (under Bloomfield). Ph.D. 1907 there, 1908 further studies at Berlin. In 1909-12 Instructor of Modern Languages at Princeton, then 1912-18 Assistant Professor and 1918-39 Professor of Indo-Germanic Philology at the same university. In 1939-50 M. Taylor Pyne Professor there, and 1927-44 founder and Chairman of the Department of Oriental Languages. 1950 emeritus. In 1910 married, one son (not Ernest B.). In 1922 Dr. h.c. of Lithuanian philology, Kovno, 1924 Litt.D. Lafayette College, 1928 Knight of the (Lithuanian) Order of Gediminas.

Publications: The Suffixes ‘mant’ and ‘vant’ in Sanskrit and Avesta. 116 p. Baltimore 1910; “On the naturalistic background of the “Frog-Hymn”, Rig-Veda 7, 103”, JAOS 37, 1917, 186-191; “The etymology and meaning of Sanskrit garútmant”, JAOS 42, 1922, 203f.

On the Lithuanian Word-Stock as Indo-European Material. 1920; A Lithuanian Etymological Index. 340 p. 1921; The home of the Indo-Europeans. 72 p. 1922.

German short stories. 1920.

Sources: Nat. Cyclop. of Am. Biogr., Current Vol. D, 1934, 309f.; Who Was Who in Am. 3.

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