BHARATI, Agehananda (Leopold Fischer), Swami. Wien 20.4.1923 — New York 14.5.1991. Austrian born Indologist, Tantric Scholar and Anthropologist, for a long time in India, then in the U.S.A. Naturalised 1968 as U.S. citizen. Professor in Syracuse. Son of Hans Fischer and Margarethe von May. Studies in Vienna in 1941-47, adopted early Hinduism, then at Samnyasi Mahavidyalaya University 1948-51. In 1951 Lecturer in German and Philosophy at Delhi University, 1951-54 Reader of Philosophy at Banaras Hindu University, 1954-55 guest Professor at Nalanda Institute of Buddhist Research. In 1955-56 visiting Professor of Comparative Religion at Royal Mahamubuta Buddhist Academy in Bangkok, 1956-57 visiting Professor of Indian Philosophy at the universities of Tokyo and Kyoto. In 1957 came to the U.S.A. In 1957-61 Research Associate for Indian Studies at University of Washington, then at Syracuse University in Syracuse, NY: 1961-64 Assistant Professor of Anthropology, 1964-68 Associate Professor, and from 1968 Professor of Anthropology (Asian Studies; until 1991), in 1971-80 also chairman of Department of Anthropology.
Publications: articles on Anthropology, Linguistics, and Sri Lankan Buddhism.
– The Ochre robe (an autobiography). 1961, 2nd rev. ed. 300 p. Calif. 1980; The Tantric tradition. 350 p. 1965, German tr. Freiburg 1977.
– “Pilgrimage in the Indian Tradition”, Hist. of Rel. 3, 1963, 135-167.
– Esthetical Norm and Value Modification in Modern India. 44 p. 1962; Functional Analysis of Indian thought and its social margins. 183 p. Chowkh. Skt. Studies 37. Varanasi 1964; The Light at the Center: Context and Pretext of Modern Mysticism. 254 p. 1976; Great Tradition and Little Traditions: Indological Investigations in Cultural Anthropology. 384 p. Varanasi 1978.
– The Asians in East Africa: Jaihind and Uhuru. 362 p. Chicago 1972; Hindu Views and Ways and the Hindu-Muslim Interface. 107 p. Santa Barbara 1982.
Sources: American Men and Women of Science: Social and Behavioral Sciences. 12th ed. 1973; D.G.K. 9th ed. 1961 (gives the original name), new ed. 1992; Who Was Who in America 10; Wikipedia.