AARNE, Antti Amatus. Pori 5.12.1867 — Helsinki 5.2.1925. Finnish Folklorist. Matriculated from Porin lyseo 1889. Studies at Helsinki University, student of Kaarle Krohn. M.A. 1893. In 1895-98 in Moscow studying Russian. Teacher of Latin and Finnish at Kokkola 1898-1902, and at Sortavala 1902-20. Lic.Phil. and Ph.D. 1907 at Helsinki. Docent of Finnish and Comparative Folklore Research 1911, Professor eo. of same 1922 at Helsinki University. Created (since 1910) the famous method for classification of folktales, which has been often used for Indian folklore, too. Also used some Indian material, but was himself more interested in Finnish folklore. Wrote important studies on riddles. Married 1896, 3 daughters.
Publications: Vergleichende Märchenforschung. MSFOu 25, H. 1907; Verzeichnis der Märchentypen. FFC 3, H. 1910; Leitfaden der vergleichenden Märchenforschung. FFC 13, H. 1913; many publications on individual folktale motifs, on Finnish folktales, riddles and folk poetry.
– “Zur Frage nach der Bedeutung der indischen Märchen”, FUF 12, 1912, 139-146.
– with Stith Thompson: The Types of the Folktale. A Classification and Bibliography. (Enlarged transl. of 1910 Verzeichnis). FFC 74, 279 p., H. 1928. Second revision. FFC 184, 588 p. H. 1961.
Sources: Obituary by *V. J. Mansikka, FUFAnz 17, 1925, 61–64. J. Hautala, Finnish Folklore Research 1928–1918. The History of Learning and Science in Finland 1828–1818 12. Helsinki 1968, 147–153 (with photo); Helsingin Yliopiston opettajat ja virkamiehet 1 (with photo) & Täydennys 1938; Satu Apo, Kansallisbiografia 1, 2003, 46f.; *Wikipedia with photo.