BOWER, Hamilton. 1.9.1858 — 5.3.1940. Sir. British (Scots) Colonial Officer and Traveller in Central Asia. Educated in Edinburgh and at Royal Naval School. Served in British India from 1884. As an intelligence officer in 1889-90 he pursued a murderer from Yarkand to the region of Kucha and there found the famous Bower Manuscript, then deciphered and published by Hoernle. Soon after this visited Tibet. In 1901-06 served in Peking Legation Guard, in 1908-14 commanding Assam Brigade. Served long time in India, retired 1914 as major general. Participated as volunteer officer in WW I.
Publications: Diary of a Journey across Tibet. 329 p. Calcutta 1893/Simla 1894.
– “A Trip to Turkestan”, Geogr. Journal 1895, 241-257; a few further publications.
Sources: Scottish Biography and Who Was Who in Br. Biogr. Arch. 2nd ser.; Wikipedia (with photo).