RADCLIFFE-BROWN, Alfred Reginald (born A. R. Brown). Birmingham 17.1.1881 — London 24.10.1955. English Anthropologist. Son of Alfred Brown (d.1886), a manufacturer’s clerk, and Hannah Brown (née Radcliffe). Educated in Birmingham and Cambridge (Trinity College: B.A. 1905, M.A. 1909, under W. H. R. Rivers, Fellow of College 1908-14). Anthropological field-work in the Andamans in 1906-08 and Western Australia 1910-12. No further connection with India. In 1916-21 director of education in Tonga. Taught Anthropology at the universities of Cape Town (1920-25), Sydney (1925-31) and Chicago (1931-37), then the first Professor of Anthropology at Oxford. Retired in 1946. Married 1910 Winifred Marie Lyon, one daughter
As scholar he was a structuralist and functionalist who introduced Durkheim’s ideas to British anthropology.
Publications: The Andaman Islanders. A Study in Social Anthropology. 14+504 p. Cambridge 1922.
– The Social Organization of Australian Tribes. 124 p. Melbourne 1930; other books and articles on anthropology.
Sources: I. Hogbin, Austr. Dict. of Biogr. 11, 1988 (online); Wikipedia with photo.
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