RADCLIFFE-BROWN, Alfred Reginald (born A. R. Brown). Birmingham 17.1.1881 — London 24.10.1955. English Anthropologist. Son of Alfred Brown (d.1886), a manufacturer’s clerk, and Hannah Brown (née Radcliffe). Educated in Birmingham and Cambridge (Trinity College: B.A. 1905, M.A. 1909). Anthropological field-work in the Andamans in 1906-08 and Western Australia 1910-12. No further connection with India. Taught Anthropology at the universities of Cape Town (1920-25), Sydney (1925-31) and Chicago (1931-37), then the first Professor of Anthropology at Oxford. Retired in 1946. As scholar he was a structuralist and functionalist who introduced Durkheim’s ideas to British anthropology.
Publications: The Andaman Islanders. A Study in Social Anthropology. Cambridge 1922; other books and articles on anthropology.