SIEGLIN, Wilhelm

SIEGLIN, Wilhelm. Stuttgart 19.4.1855 — Bad Hofgastein, Austria 9.7.1935. German Historian, specialist of Historical Geography. Son of chemist Ernst S. and Mathilde Staub, educated in Stuttgart. From 1873 studies of classics and history at Tübingen, Leipzig, Berlin and Greifswald. Ph.D. 1878 Leipzig. From 1880 Assistant Librarian, 1888 Kustos in Leipzig…

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TOMASCHEK, Wilhelm

TOMASCHEK, Wilhelm (Vilém Tomášek). Olmütz, Moravia (now Olomouc in Czech) 26.5.1841 — Vienna 9.9.1901. Austrian (Czech) Geographer and Oriental Scholar. Son of gymnasium teacher Johann Adolf T. (d. 1849), a German family with Czech name. Gymnasium in Vienna. Studies of classical philology, linguistics, history and geography at Vienna 1860-64, then gymnasium…

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MŽIK, Hans von

MŽIK, Hans von. Rzeszów, Galicia (now in Poland) 24.7.1876 — Vienna 4.3.1961. Austrian Historian of Geography. PD 1917 Vienna “für historische Geographie des Orients”. Ao. Professor 1929, from 1935 also taught Armenian. From 1921 also head of the map collection of Austrian National Library. Married Paula Horschlitz, one daughter. Publications:…

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STEIN, Mark Aurel

STEIN, Mark Aurel. Budapest 26.11.1862 — Kabul 26.10.1943. Sir. Hungarian Explorer, Indologist, and Archaeologist living in India (from 1888). British citizen (1904). Born to aged parents (mother 45, father more), M. Nathan Stein and Anna Hirschler. The father was a merchant, uncle Ignaz Hirschler, archaeologist, physician and politician. School in…

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WILFORD, Francis

WILFORD, Francis. 1761 (1771 makes him too young for his early career) — Benares 1822. British (of German Origin) Colonial Officer and Indologist in India. Born in the Kingdom of Hannover, obtained classical education. In 1781 joined the E.I.C.’s military service. Served many years as Lieutenant, in the end Colonel…

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RENNEL, James

RENNEL, James. Chudleigh, Devonshire 3.12.1742 — London 29.3.1830. British Colonial Officer and Geographer in India. Son of Captain John R. (of artillery), who died in action in 1747, and Anne Clarke. Educated at Chudleigh (and as a schoolboy draw a good map of the region). He joined navy in 1756…

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REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint

REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint. Lambesc (Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence) 4.12.1795 — Paris 14.5.1867. Abbé. French Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar and Historian. Professor in Paris. After seminary in Aix-en-Provence studied theology from 1814 in Paris, where he soon became student of Silvestre de Sacy. As secretary of de Portalis he continued his studies in…

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VIVIEN DE SAINT-MARTIN, Louis

VIVIEN DE SAINT-MARTIN, Louis. Saint-Martin-de-Fontenay (Calvados) 22.5.1802 — Paris 3.1.1897. French Scholar of Historical Geography. Born Louis Vivien, came to Paris in 1814. Worked as author and editor in Paris. He did not know Sanskrit and based his Vedic studies on Langlois’ insufficient translation. Publications: A number of maps from…

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CUNNINGHAM, Alexander

CUNNINGHAM, Alexander. Westminster 23.1.1814 — Cranley Mansions, South Kensington (London) 28.11.1893. Sir. British (Scots) Colonial Officer and Archaeologist in India. The great pioneer of Indian archaeology and the first Director-General of the A.S.I. General-major. Born in England of Scots parents, poet Allan C. (1784-1842) and Jean Walker, brother of —>…

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BOURGUIGNON D’ANVILLE, Jean-Baptiste

BOURGUIGNON D’ANVILLE, Jean-Baptiste. Paris 11.7.1697 — Paris 28.1.1782. French Cartographer, Geographer and Historian of Geography. Son of Hubert Bourguignon, a tailor, and Charlotte Vaugon. Student of abbé de Longerue. One of the Royal Geographers at the age of 22 (1719). In 1754 member of A.I.B.L., 1773 of Académie des Sciences.…

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