SPRENGER, Aloys. Nassereith, Tyrol 3.9.1813 — Heidelberg 19.12.1893. Austrian Oriental Scholar, in India 1842-56. Professor in Bern. Studied medicine and Oriental languages at Vienna, then in Paris and London. Dr.Med. 1840 Leiden. In 1842 went to India. Director of Madrasa in Delhi, then 1848-49 in Lucknow studying Islamic manuscripts of the Royal Library, in 1850-56 Director of Calcutta Madrasa. In 1854 on furlough visited Egypt, Syria and Mesopotamia. In 1856 retired because of ill health and returned to Europe, with a great collection of Arabic MSS. (in Berlin). Professor of Oriental languages at Bern in 1857-81, then living in Heidelberg.
AS was one of the best specialists of Islamic traditions and Arabic and Persian literature of India. His biography of Muḥammad is famous in the history of Islamic studies. In Calcutta he was also the secretary of A.S.B.
Publications: diss. De originibus medicinae sub caliphatu. Lugd. Bat. 1840.
– A Catalogue of the Arabic, Persian and Hindústány mss. of the Libraries of the King of Oudh. 1. Persian and Hindústány Poetry. Calc. 1854.
– in collaboration with Indian scholars edited a number Arabic texts in Bibl. Ind.; articles in JASB.
– The Life of Muhammad from origial sources. Allahabad 1851; Leben und die Lehre des Mohammed. 1-3. Berlin 1861-65.
– Post- und Reiserouten. Lp. 1864; Die alte Geographie Arabiens. Bern 1875.
Sources: Fück, Arab. Studien 176-179; *A. Haffner, A. S. Ein Tiroler Orientalist. 8 p. Innsbruck 1913; *S. Procházka, Ö.B.L. 13, 2007-10, 49; JRAS 1894, 394f.; Wikipedia with bust.