CAROE, Olaf Kirkpatrick. London 15.11.1892 — Steyning, Sussex 29.11.1981. Sir. British Civil Servant in India. Son of the architect William Douglas C. and Grace Desborough Rendall, educated in Winchester and at Magdalen College, Oxford. M.A. In 1914-19 captain 4th Bn. The Queen’s Regiment. From 1919 at I.C.S.: served in 1919-23 in the Pañjāb, then until 1932 in the North-West Frontier. 1933-34 Chief Secretary to the Government of the North-West Frontier Province, from 1934 Deputy Secretary in Foreign and Political Department, Government of India, 1946-47 Governor of the N.W.F.P., then returned to England. Married 1920 Frances Marion (1889–1969), 2 sons. C.I.E. 1932, C.S.I. 1941. D.Litt. Oxford.
Publications: The Pathans, 550 B.C. – A.D. 1957. 521 p. London 1958.
– “The Geography and Ethnics of India’s Northern Frontiers”, Geographical Journal 126, 1960, 298-308.
– Several books on politics, e.g. Soviet Empire: The Turks of Central Asia and Stalinism. 300 p. L. 1953.
Sources: The Indian Year-Book and Who’s Who 1941-42; The India Office List in Br. Biogr. Arch. 2nd series; Enc. Brit.; *bibliography by G. Chowdharay-Best, Central Asian Survey 6, 1983, 141-149; Wikipedia with references to sources about his political career; photo in some editions of The Pathans.
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