FRANÇOIS-MARIE DE TOURS (Francesco Maria Da Tours, Franciscus M. Turonensis). 16?? — Patna ?.5.1709. Father. French Capuchin Missionary in India and Tibet. Worked first as Capuchin Missionary in Diarbekir, Turkey, came to India in 1680. Worked in Pondicherry and Surat, in 1701 left for Europe. Arrived at France 1702, 1703-04 in Rome preparing the Tibet mission. In 1706 from India to Kathmandu, in 1707 arrived at Lhasa with Giuseppe da Ascoli (1673–1710). Together they founded the Capuchin Mission there and prepared in 1708 the Latin–Tibetan dictionary, which was then brought to Europe by —> Domenico da Fano (manuscript in Rome, abridged version in Paris). In India he was a vehement critic of Jesuit mission.
Publications: Manuscript Lexicon Linguae Indianae (quoted under slightly different titles, also as lingua Mogalana, the Mughal language, i.e. Hindūstānī) in 2 vols. prepared in Surat in 1702, apparently revised by Cassiano da Macerata and then kept in the library of Propaganda Fide in Rome.
– Questions proposées à la sacrée congregation de la propaganda sur les ceremonies payennes que certains missionaires permettent aux Chrétiens Malabares dans les Indes Orientales. 85 p. Liège 1704.
Sources: R. Kaschewsky, “The Role of François Marie de Tours in the Capuchin Mission in India and Tibet”, Or. Suecana 69, 2020, 29-41; U. Nardella, La conoscenza dell’ Asia 3, 1989, 10f.
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