DUPONT, Pierre. Paris 1908 — Bangkok 16.10.1955. French Archaeologist of South-East Asia (especially Cambodia). Professor in Paris. Studies of Indology, South-East Asian studies, art and archaeology in Paris under Foucher et al., at É.P.H.É., Institut d’éthnologie and École du Louvre. Worked in Musée Guimet, in French Institut in Amsterdam (1933-35) and Berlin (1935-36). In 1936-1950 in Indochine, from 1941 in various offices in Phnom Penh, 1948-50 Curator in Saigon Museum. From 1950 Professor of Indian and South-East Asian art and archaeology at Sorbonne, also taught at É.P.H.É. Dr.-ès-lettres 1953. In 1955 travelled in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Burma, where he laid out a plan for archaeological research of Burma. Died suddenly in a heart attack in the house of his friend A. B. Griswold. He was a meticulous and skilled art historian. With systematic work greatly improved chronology. He collected an enormous archive of photographs.
Publications: a number of articles on South-East Asian art in Revue des Arts Asiatiques, BEFEO, Bull. de la Soc. des Études Indochinoises, Art. As., etc.
– La version mône du Nāradajātaka. 281 p. PEFEO 36. Saigon & P. 1954.
– La statuaire préangkorienne. 240 p. 46 pl. Art. As. Suppl. 15. Ascona 1955.
– L’archéologie mone de Dvāravatī. 331 p. 152 pl. PEFEO 41. P. 1959.
Sources: K. B. Griswold, Art.As. 18, 1955, 178-182 (with a bibliography); *Arts asiatiques 1955, 309-312 & 1959, 59-69; *BEFEO 49, 1959, 637f.; Chercheurs d’Asie 130-132; JOIB 5, 1955-56, 291 (with some mistakes).