ALEMANY Y BOLUFER, José

ALEMANY Y BOLUFER, José. Cullera (near Valencia) 1.7.1866 — Madrid 26.10.1934. Spanish Linguist, translator of Sanskrit Texts. Born in a humble family he could only after many hardships begin his education in Valencia, and had again to interrupt it and work in his native village. He went on studying during the nights and proceeded slowly. Matriculated in 1886 and joined the army. After military service he studied in Barcelona and concentrated in Sanskrit in spite of hard financial difficulties. In 1889 Dr. en filosofía y letras, and in 1891 Professor (catedrático) de lengua griega at University of Granada, later had the same chair at Universidad Central in Madrid. He was too many-sided to be a good scholar, being interested in Indian, Greek, IE, Arabic and Spanish philology, in Spanish history, etc. Later he seems to have been influenced by the theories of B. G. Tilak.

Publications: transl. El Hitopadeza o provechosa enseñanza. 1895; El Bhagavad Gita. Md. 1896; El Panchatantra ò cincho series de cuentos. 16+146 p. Md. 1908; El Manavadharmasastra o libro de las leyes de Manú. 1912; Calila y Dimna, antigua versión castellana cotejada con el original árabe de la misma. Md. 1915; La siete tragedias de Sófocles. 1921.

Estudio elemental de Gramática histórica de la lengua castellana. Md. 1902, 6th ed. 381 p. Md. 1928; and more on Spanish (i.a. several dictionaries).

La geografía de la peninsula Ibérica en los textos de los escritores griegos y latinos. 219 p. Md. 1912; La geografía de la peninsula Ibérica en los textos de los escritores árabes. Granada 1921; La geografía de la peninsula Ibérica en los textos de los escritores cristianos. 119 p. Granada 1923.

De orden de las palobras en la lengua indoeuropea. 1909; La lengua aria, sus dialectos y países enque se habla. El Polo Norte, patria del pueblo ario y del género humano. 80 p. Md. 1925.

Sources: Enc. Univ. Ilustr. t. 4; App. 1, 1930 & Suppl. Vol. 1934; works also in the N.U.C.; *Spanish Wikipedia.

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