GIUSSANI, Carlo

GIUSSANI, Carlo. Milano 6.11.1840 — Milano 21.4.1900. Italian Indologist and Classical Scholar. Teacher in Milano. Son of Giovanni G. and Angela Carrera. Learned Sanskrit and linguistics from Ascoli, then at Torino and Pisa. Student of Bardelli, graduated at Pisa in 1864. Further studies at Berlin (Weber), Erlangen (Spiegel) and Tübingen (Roth). Back in Italy he taught first classical languages at Liceo di Cremona. In 1874-1900 Professor (insegnò) di letteratura latina at Accademia scientifico-letteraria in Milano. He tried first to specialize in the Avesta, but his office drained him so completely that he was no longer capable of publishing anything and completely resigned his studies – thus stated, but he continued with Latin. His main work remained thus the editio princeps of the Aṣṭāvakragītā.

Publications: “Asht’avakragītā ossia le sentenze filosofiche di Asht’avakra. Testo, traduzione e note”, RO 1, 1867, 912-922, 1032-1055, 1132-1149, 1252-1264; and separately (from this the poetic adaptation by Silvio Pagani: A. o il canto di Asht’avakra, poemetto filosofico indiano. Bibl. Univ. Sonzogno 316. 18??).

Principi della grammatica Sanscrita. Sep. and in A. De Gubernatis: Piccola Enciclopedia indiana. 1868.

reviews of Spiegel, Grammatik der Altbaktrischen Sprache, RO 1, 1867-68, 923-235, and of Curtius, Zur Chronologie der idg. Sprachforschung, ibid. 1160-1172.

– “La questione del linguaggio secondo Platone e secondo Epicuro”, Mem. Ist. Lomb. XX:3:xi, 1868, 103-141; De Horatii epistola ad Pisones. 1885; Quaestiones Lucilianae. 1885; translated: Guhl & Koner, La vita degli artichi Greci e Romani. 1887-89; Studi di letteratura romana. 1899; ed. Lucretius, De rerum natura. 1-4. 1896-98.

Sources: De Gubernatis, Matériaux 310, 352f.; Gli studi orientali in Italia 1861–1911. Briefly in Arch. biogr. ital. 2nd series, three articles in the 1st Series (best De Gubernatis 1879); www.treccani.it/enciclopedia/carlo-giussani_(Dizionario_Biografico)/.

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