GRAY, Louis Herbert

GRAY, Louis Herbert. Newark, N.J. 10.4.1875 — New York 18.8.1955. U.S. Indologist, Iranian Scholar and Linguist. Professor in New York. Studies at Princeton (A.B. 1896) and Columbia (A.M. 1898, Ph.D. 1900). In 1900-02 chief cataloguer and Instructor of Indo-Iranian at Princeton, 1902-03 editor in the departments of etymology and modern history of India in New International Encyclopedia, 1904-05 reviser of translations for the Jewish Encyclopedia, 1905-15 assistant editor and contributor to the E.R.E., 1915-18 editor of Mythology of All Races. In 1918-19 member of the U.S. Peace Negotiations Committee and 1920 attache at U.S. embassy in Paris. Then at University of Nebraska: 1921-23 Associate Professor of Philosophy, 1923-26 Professor of Comparative Philology and Oriental Languages. Then at Columbia University in New York: 1926-35 Professor of Oriental Languages (Jackson’s successor) and 1935-44 Professor of Comparative Linguistics. In 1944 emeritus. Married in 1905, widower 1948.

Publications: “The Metrics of Bhartṛhari”, JAOS 20:1, 1899, 157-159; “Śivarāma’s Commentary on the Vāsavadattā”, JAOS 24, 1903, 57-63; “Literary studies on the Sanskrit novel”, WZKM 18, 1904, 39-58; “Lexicographical addenda to the St. Petersburg Lexicons from the Vāsavadattā of Subandhu”, JAOS 60, 1906, 355-368.

– “Contributions to Avestan Syntax”, JAOS 21:2, 1901, 112-145 & 22:1, 1901, 145-176; Indo-Iranian Phonology. 18+264 p. N.Y. 1902.

translated: Subandhu: Vāsavadattā. 13+214 p. Indo-Ir. Ser. 8. N.Y. 1913; “Viddhaśālabhañjikā of Rājaśekhara”, JAOS 27:1, 1906, 1-71; “Dūtāṅgada of Subhaṭa, a chāyānāṭaka”, JAOS 32, 1912, 58-77; “Bhartṛharinirveda of Harihara”, JAOS 25, 1904, 197-230.

– “The Indian God Dhanvantari”, JAOS 42, 1922, 323-337; “Sur l’inflexion des prétendus thèmes en -l”, BSL 31, 1931, 34-42; “Observations on Middle Indian Morphology”, BSOS 8, 1936, 563-577; “Fifteen Prākrit-Indo-European Etymologies”, JAOS 60, 1940, 361-369.

– “A List of the Divine and Demonic Epithets in the Avesta”, JAOS 46, 1926, 97-153 (cf. JRAS 1927, 427-441); “Yasna LVII: An Essay in Text-Reconstruction”, JAOS 58, 1938, 310-323 (text, transl., notes).

Foundations of Iranian Religions. 1929.

Introduction to Semitic Comparative Linguistics. 1935; Foundations of Language. 1939.

The Narrative of Bhoja. Bhojaprabandha by Ballāla of Benares. A.O.S. 34. 1950.

brief articles on Indology and Iranian studies (ancient, middle and new Persian), on IE and Celtic languages etc. (JAOS, AJPh, etc.), on Semitic.

Sources: Who Was Who in Am. 3, 1951-60; *R. A. Forkes, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 365; Wikipedia.

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