GRÜBER, Johann

GRÜBER, Johann. Linz 28.10.1620 — Sárospatak 30.9.1680. S.J. Austrian Missionary and Traveller. After Jesuit gymnasium in Linz joined S.J. in 1641 in Vienna. After studies of philosophy and mathematics in Vienna, Leoben and Graz he was gymnasium teacher in Leoben, Graz and Ödenburg. After studies of theology ordained priest in 1655 in Graz. With another father sent to explore the land route to China reached Iran, but then war forced them to take ship to India and further to Macao. Worked in China in 1656-61. Together with —> d’Orville he travelled in 1561-62 through Tibet (visiting Lhasa as the first known Europeans there) to India. D’Orville died there and JG continued with —> Heinrich Roth via Persia and Turkey reachich Rome in February 1864. In 1665 he was sent to explore another possible land route, now via Russia, but fell ill in Constantinople and had to return. In poor health he became a minister in Hungary, in Trenčín (now Slovakia) and Sárospatak.

Publications: He gave his journals and maps to —> Athanasius Kircher, who published some materials from them in his China illustrata. Amsterdam 1667.

Sources: *Wessels 1924, 164-203; Wikipedia (more details in German version).

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