GUÉNON, René. Blois 15.11.1886 — Cairo 7.1.1951. French Philosopher and Author interested in Indian philosophy, rather uncritical admirer of the East. Son of an architect. Studied mathematics and philosophy in Paris. Became soon interested in occultism, then in Hinduism and Sufism and adopted Islam in 1912 as ‘Abd al-Wahīd Yahyā. Diss. 1916 on Leibniz. Mainly concentrated on literary work. In 1930 moved permanently to Egypt. Originally rather appreciated by some colleagues (Masson-Oursel, Groussent) and influencing such people as Coomaraseamy, Eliade and Daniélou, he soon turned especially more critical scholars (Renou, Filliozat) into well-deserved critics.
Publications: many books – often translated into English and other languages – and articles, e.g.
– Introduction générale à l’étude des doctrines hindoues. Paris 1921.
– Orient et Occident. P. 1924; La crise du monde moderne. P. 1927.
– L’Homme et son devenir selon le Vedanta. 1925; Autorité spirituelle et pouvoir temporel. P. 1929.
– Études sur l’hindouisme. 285 p. P. 1968 (articles).
Sources: X. Accart, D.O.L.F.465f.; Wikipedia with photo.