HARDY, Robert Spence

HARDY, Robert Spence. Preston 1.7.1803 — Headingley near Leeds 16.4.1868. Rev. British Methodist Missionary, in Ceylon 1825-30, 1835-47, and 1862-65. From 1819 printer in York, in 1825 ordained as Wesleyan minister and left for the first time to Ceylon as missionary where he worked three periods. In the end of the 1840s at Negombo. From 1865 until his death minister in Leeds. Married, two daughters and two sons. Studied Buddhism and collected manuscripts. Hes viewpoint was Christian and critical, but his books were much used by early Buddhist scholars in Europe.

Publications: The British Government and Idolatry of Ceylon. L. 1841 (or 1834).

articles in JRAS-CB, e.g.: “List of books in the Pāli and Siṅhalese”, 1:2, 1847-48, 189-200.

Eastern Monachism. An Account of the laws of the order of the order of the Mendicants. L. 1850; A Manual of Buddhism in its Modern Development. L. 1853, 2nd ed. 550 p. L. 1880; The legends and theories of the Buddhists, compared with history and science; with introductory notices on the life and system of Gotama Buddha. 56+ 244 p. L. 1866, 2nd ed. 1881.

Sources: Br. Biogr. Arch. 1st Series (Kirk, Boase); Buckland, Dictionary (also ibid. 2nd series).

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