ARIEL, Édouard-Simon

ARIEL, Édouard-Simon. Nantes 5.10.1818 — Pondichéry 23.4.1854. French Marine Officer and Indologist (Tamil scholar) in India. Student of Burnouf in Paris. In 1844 he went to Pondichéry and worked as Deputy Commissar of marine and as Conservator of Pondichéry Library and Archives. On advice of Burnouf, began collecting and studying Tamil literature. During ten years he achieved a big collection of manuscripts and books, later deposited in Imperial Library in Paris.

Publications: “Tiruvaḷḷuvar Tcharitra. Extrait concernant Aovaé et sa généalogie”, JA 4. s. 9, 1847, 5-49; “Lettre à M. Burnouf sur les Kuraḷ”, JA 4. s. 12, 1848, 416-433 (423ff. fragments traduits); “Tiruvalluvar: Kur’al. Fragments traduits du Tamoul. Livre deuxième de la fortune et livre troisième de l’amour”, JA 4. s. 19, 1852, 381-435.

– “Bilhana: Tschorapantchaçat, publié, traduit et commenté”, JA 4. s. 11, 1848, 469-534 (Southern recension).

– Gobalakichenane (ed.), Avvaïyâr, traduit par Edouard Ariel, précédée d’une introduction et de la vie d’E. Ariel (1818–1854). P. 2002.

Sources: *M. Gobalakichenane, “La littérature sapientiale tamoule et la contribution d’Edouard Ariel”, JA 294, 2006, 197-214; J. Vinson, Manuel, p. xxvif.; briefly in Archives nationales d’outre-mer in Web; not in the Arch. biogr. franç.

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