HÜBSCHMANN, Johann Heinrich

HÜBSCHMANN, Johann Heinrich. Erfurt 1.7.1848 — Strassburg 20.1.1908. German Indo-Iranist. Professor in Strassburg. Son of a mill owner, studies at Jena, Tübingen, Leipzig anf München. Ph.D. 1872 München. From 1875 PD at Leipzig, from 1876 ao. Professor there. From 1877 until his death ord. Professor der vergleichenden Sprachwissenschaft at Strassburg. Married with Anna, the widow of —> S. Goldschmidt. There is some confusion about his death /Freiburg or Strassburg, 20.1. or 23.1. – here the tombstone picture of German Wikipedia is followed.

Mainly an Iranian scholar, HH was the first to show (in 1875) the independent position of Armenian, until then supposed to be an Iranian language. The question caused a great controversy.

Publications: “Beiträge zur Erklärung des Avesta. 1. Jasna XI”, ZDMG 1872, 453-460 & 1874, 77-87; Ein zoroastrische Lied. 1872.

Zur Casuslehre. 1875; Das idg. Vocalsystem. Strassburg 1885.

– “g‘, gh‘ im sanskrit und iranischen”, KZ 23, 1877, 384-400.

Etymologie und Lautlehre der ossetischen Sprache. 1881.

Armenische Studien. 1. 1883; Persische Studien. 1895.

Armenische Grammatik. 1. Armenische Etymologie. 1897.

– “Die altarmenischen Ortsnamen”, IF 16, 1904, 197-490.

articles in ZDMG, KZ, etc.; Kleine Schriften zum Armenischen. Hildesheim & N.Y. 1976.

Sources: *Ciardi-Dupré, GSAI 21, 1908, 313-316; *C. Haebler & G. Neumann, KZ 89, 1976, 1f.; *R. Schmitt, Bibliographie H.H., KZ 111, 1998, 185-190; W. Wüst, N.D.B. 9, 1972, 724; briefly D.B.E. 5, 1997, 207; Wikipedia with photo.

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