PETTAZZONI, Raffaele

PETTAZZONI, Raffaele. San Giovanni, Persiceto, near Bologna 3.2.1883 — Rome 8.12.1959. Italian Scholar of Comparative Religion. Professor in Rome. Studies of archaeology, etc. at Bologna and Rome. From 1909 worked at Sardinian Department of Antiquities in Museo preistorico ed etnografico in Rome. PD 1913. In 1914-22 also incaricato di storia delle religioni at Bologna. In 1923-58 Professore ord. di storia delle religioni at Rome. Started with classical religion, soon became interested in comparative religion. His leading idea was the original religion of one “high god”, mostly identified with the sky. However, he rejected P. W. Schmidt’s original monotheism as inadequate. Founder and editor of the Numen from 1954.

Publications: La religione primitiva in Sardegna. 1912; “Le origini dei Kabiri”, MRAL 5:12, 1906-09, 655-741; La religione nella Grecia fino ad Alessandro. 1921, 2nd ed. 1953, French 1953

La religione di Zarathustra. 1920.

– “La confessione dei peccati nell’ India antica”, Studi e mater. di storia delle relig. 3, 1927, 35-81.

Dio: formazione e sciluppo del monoteismo. 1. 1922; I misteri. 1924; La confessione dei peccati. 1-2:1-2. Storia delle Religioni. Bologna 1930-36, 1. in French 1931-32.

Saggi di storia delle religioni e di mitologia. 1945, English, Essays on the History of Religions. 1954; L’omniscienza di Dio. 1955, English 1956.

Sources: C.J. Bleeker, A. Brelich & G. Widengren, Numen 6, 1959, 76a-d; A. Pincherle, La Nouvelle Clio 10:3, 1958-60, 167-172; *D. Sabbatucci, Numen 10, 1963, 1-41; *H. Wagenvoort, Jaarboek K.N.A.W. 1959–60, 387-390; briefly Wikipedia (more in Italian version, with photo).

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