QUATREMÈRE, Étienne-Marc

QUATREMÈRE, Étienne-Marc. Paris 12.7.1782 — Paris 18.9.1857. French Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar and Historian. Professor in Paris. Studies in Paris under Silvestre de Sacy. For a while taught Greek in Rouen, from 1815 member of A.I.B.-L. In 1819-57 Professor of Hebrew at Collège de France, in 1827-57 also Professor of Persian at E.L.O.V. Also interested in Pehlevi, where he first explained the uzvāreš system. He was a good philologist, but never believed in comparative linguistics and in Champollion’s Hieroglyphic decipherment. The archaeologist Antoine-Chrysostome Quatremère de Quincy (1755–1849) was a cousin of his father.

Publications: editions and translations in Arabic and Persian.

– “Mémoire sur le pays d’Ophir”, MAIBL 15:2, 1845, 349-402.

Review of Langlès & Reinaud, Relations des voyages faits par les arabes et les persans dans l’Inde et à la Chine. P. 1845, JS 1846, 513-531, 677-690, 733-750 & 1847, 235-249.

– “Mémoire sur Darius le Mède et Balthasar, rois de Babylone”, MAIBL 19:1, 1851, 373-418.

Sources: Fück 152; ODB; Guigniault, MAIBL 27:1, 1877, 195-218; A. Messaoudi, D.O.L.F. 794f.; E. Renan, N.B.G. 41, 18??, 279-283; T. Sadjeai, “Bicentenaire de la naissance d’Ét. Q.”, JS 1983, 20-32; Wikipedia.

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