TIELE, Cornelius Petrus

TIELE, Cornelius Petrus. Leiden 16.12.1830 — Leiden 11.1.1902. Dutch Scholar of Comparative and Iranian Religion. Son of a printer-merchant, educated in Leiden, studied theology at Amsterdam in 1848-53. In 1853-56 Remonstrant minister in Moordrecht, in 1856-73 in Rotterdam. From 1873 Professor at Seminarie der Remonstranten in Leiden, from 1877 Professor of Geschiedenis de godsdiensten at Leiden University. Hon. dr. 1872 Leiden, 1888 Bologna, 1899 Dublin, 1900 Edinburgh.

Tiele was an important pioneer of comparative religion. He tried to find out great lines and a general philosophy of religion, sometimes discarding details. His book about Zoroastrianism was originally hasty and defective – and he himself was ashame of it – but the second edition became an important standard work.

Publications: De godsdienst van Zarathustra bij de oud-Perzische Volken. 20+306 p. 7 pl. Haarlem 1864, rev. 2nd ed. 1901, English transl. Bombay 1912.

– “Une nouvelle hypothèse sur l’antiquité de l’Avesta”, RHR 29, 1894, 68-81 (from Dutch publ. in VKNAW).

Much about comparative religion, Near Eastern religions, Assyriology and Theology, e.g. Geschiedenis van den Godsdiensten. 1876; Elements of the Science of Religion. 1-2. Edinburgh 1897-99 (also in Dutch); Kompendium der Religionsgeschichte. Deutsch von T. Weber. 3. Aufl. umgearbeitet von N. Söderblom. 12+426 p. Breslau 1903; Geschiedenis van den Godsdienst in de Oudheid. Amsterdam 1902, German tr. by G. Gehrich, Geschichte der Religion im Altertum. 1-2. Gotha 1896-1903.

Sources: *Chantepie de La Saussaye, Jaarboek KNAW 1902; *M. Jastrow, Open Court 14, 1900, 728-733; A. Réville, RHR 45, 1902, 70-75: *G. Schlegel, TP 3, 1902; Wikipedia as Cornelis Tiele, with photo; photo in Intern. Taschenbuch der Orientalisten 1910.

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