SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel.

SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel Théodore. Mulhouse (Alsace, then German Elsaß) 19.12.1904 — Princeton NJ 21.10.1972. French (Alsatian) Archaeologist of Afghanistan. Son of a protestant factory owner, nephew of the Oriental scholar Paul Perdrizet (1870–1932). After school in Mulhouse studied history and geography at Strasbourg, then Paris where he became student of René Dussaud and Henri Seyrig. In 1925 participated in his uncle’s excavations in Egypt. In 1929-40 Inspector (under Seyrig) in Service des antiquités, Haut-Commissariat de la France au Levant, making surveys in Syria and Libanon and conducting excavations at Palmyra (1933-35) and Qasr el-Heir (1936-39). During the war served as Lieutenant and staff interpreter in Syria, then political commentator in Brazzaville Radio of France-Libre and director of Information Office in Beirut. In 1945 succeeded Ghirshman as director of D.A.F.A., until 1964. In Afghanistan conducted excavations at Balkh (1947-48, 1955-56) and Surkh-Kotal (1952-63; both Kūshān), at Lashkar-i Bazar (1948-51; Ghaznavid), and started at Ai-Khanum (1964, Greek). Ph.D. 1950 Paris (diss. on his Palmyra excavations in the 1930s). From 1955 Professor Byzantine and Near Eastern (l’Orient méditerranéen) History at Strasbourg, now dividing his time between Afghanistan and Alsace. Correspondant 1955 and Dussaud’s successor 1958 in A.I.B.L. In 1967 succeeded Seyrig in charge of Institut Français d’Archéologie in Beirut. Died in heart attack during a journey to the U.S.A. Married, 2 daughters and 3 sons.

Publications: Much on Syrian archaeology and on Islamic Afghanistan.

– “La prospection archéologique de Bactres”, CRAI 1947 & Syria 1949; Observations sur les remparts de Bactres. M.D.A.F.A. P. 1964.

articles on the temple of Surkh Kotal in JA 1952-55, CRAI 1953-63, Archeology 1953-55, Arts as. 1954, Antiquity 1959, Afghanistan 1960, PrBrAcad 1961; on Ai Khanum in CRAI 1965; on Greek and Aramaic inscriptions of Aśoka in JA 1958, 1966, CRAI 1964, 1970, 1972.

with R. Curiel: Le trésor monétaire d’Afghanistan. M.D.A.F.A. 14. P. 1953.

Les traits originaux de l’histoire de l’Afghanistan. 1961; “Descendants non-méditerranéens de l’art grec”, Syria 37, 1960, 131-166, 253-318 and sep. Inst. Fr. d’arch. de Beyrouth. Publ. hors série 10 100 p.; L’Orient hellenisé, l’art grec et ses héritiers dans l’Asie non-méditerranéenne. 1970.

with B. Dagens & M. Le Berre: Monuments préislamiques d’Afghanistan. 104 p. 45 pl. MDAFA 19. P. 1964.

– “De la pensée grec à la pensée bouddhique”, CRAI 1972, 188–199.

with M. Le Berre & G. Fussman: Surkh Kotal en Bactriane. 1. Les Temples: architecture, sculpture, inscriptions. 1-2. 160 p. 72+61 pl. MDAFA 25. P. 1983.

Sources: *G. Fussman, BEFEO 60, 1973, 411-417 & bibliography, 418-422; F. Olivier-Utard, D.O.L.F. 877f.; J. Starcky, JA 260, 1972, 223-233; Wikipédia; photo in CRAI 1978.

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