BAUDOUIN DE COURTENAY, Jan Ignacy Niecisław (Jean, in Russian Ivan Aleksandrovič Boduèn-de-Kurtenè). Radzymin near Warsaw 13.3.1845 — Warsaw 3.11.1929. Famous Polish Linguist. Son of Alexander B. de C. (the family came from France in 1733). Gymnasium in Warsaw. Studies at Jena under Schleicher, then at Berlin and Leipzig. Ph.D. 1870 Leipzig. In 1870-75 Docent at St.Petersburg, then at the Universities of Kazan (docent 1874-75, eo. 1875-76, 1876-83 ord. for sanskrit i sravnitel’naja jazykoznanija), Dorpat (Professor of Slavic Philology, 1883-93), Cracow (of Slavic, 1893-99), and St.Petersburg (of Comp. Linguistics, 1900-14). At Cracow University he taught Sanskrit in 1894-98. Since 1918 Honorary professor of Comparative Linguistics at Warsaw University. One of the most important pioneers of modern Linguistics, leader of the so-called Kazan School. Made important work on comparative Slavic philology, too. Married, his daughter Cezarya (1885–1967) was Professor of Ethnology and married with the Slavist Max Vasmer (1886–1962, divorced).
Publications: diss. Einige Fälle der Wirkung der Analogie in der polnischen Deklination. 1868.
– much on linguistics and Slavic philology.
Sources: *own account in Biobibl. slovar’ Kazan 1, 1904, 38-40; *A.M. Lewicki, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 74f.; K. Nitsch, Polski Słownik Biograficzny 1, 1935, 359-362; *M. Vasmer, Idg. Jb. 16, 1932, 338-340; Wikiåpedia (with photo).