STEVENSON, John. Alton Campsie, Stirlingshire 3.11.1798 — 11.8.1858. Rev. British (Scots) Missionary and Indologist in India. Son of William St., educated at Glasgow and Edinburgh Universities. M.A. 1816 Glasgow. Ordained 1823 and sent by Scottish Missionary Society to their new Bombay Mission. “Missionary at Hurnee and Poona until appointed, 1834, a Chaplain of the E.I.C. in Bombay; Senior Chaplain, 1841, and Minister of St.Andrews. Resigned 1854” and returned to U.K. Parish Minister of Ladykirk in Berwickshire in 1855-58. Hon. D.D. St.Andrews.

JSt was “a zealous missionary and distinguished Sanskrit scholar, one of the pioneer editors and translators of Vedic literature; a founder of the Bombay Gazette and joint-editor for its first 3 years; intimately acquainted with native thought and native dialects. Was President of R.A.S., Bombay, and of the Government Committee for examination of officers in native laguages.”

Publications: edited and tr.: Rigveda. 1. Bombay 1833 (1, 1-39, all published).

Principles of Mahratti Grammar. 1833, 2nd ed. 174 p. Bombay 1843.

edited: Sanhita of the Sama Veda. 186 p. L. 1843.

translated: The Sanhita of the Sama Veda. 283 p. L. 1842.

– “On the Ante-Brahmanical Worship of the Hindús in the Dekhan”, JRAS 5, 1839, 189-195, 264-267; 6, 1841, 239-241; 8, 1846, 330-339; “On the Intermixture of Buddhism with Brahmanism in the religion of the Hindus of the Dekkan”, JRAS 7, 1843, 1-8; “An account of the Bauddho-Vaishnavas, or Vitthal-Bhaktas of the Dakhan”, JRAS 7, 1843, 64-73; “On the modern Deities worshipped by the Hindus in the Dekkan”, JRAS 7, 1843, 105-112; “Analysis of the Gaṇeśa Purāṇa, with special reference to the History of Buddhism”, JRAS 8, 1846, 319-329.

Kalpa Sutra and Nava Tatva, illustrative of the Jain Religion. L. 1848.

further articles in JBRAS, e.g. on Kanheri, Nasik and Sahyadri inscriptions and on the non-Sanskrit vocables of the Indian vernacular languages.

Sources: Buckland, Dictionary.

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