SCHWYZER, Eduard. Zürich 15.2.1874 — Berlin 3.5.1943. Swiss IE Scholar in Germany. Professor in Zürich, Bonn and Berlin. Grandnephew of —> Schweizer-Sidler. Studies i.al. at Leipzig (Brugman, Leskien, Sievers, Windisch) and Zürich (Kaegi, Hitzig). Ph.D. 1898 Zürich. For one year schoolteacher in Solothurn. PD 1902 Zürich, from 1909 ao. Professor of IE there, in 1902-09 also schoolteacher in Zürich. From 1912 Kaegi’s successor as ord. Professor at Zürich. From 1927 Professor of Indogermanistik at Bonn, from 1932 at Berlin. In 1939 emeritus, but continued in office because of war.
ES was mainly a acholar of Greek and IE and did his most lasting word on Greek grammar. However, Iranian studies were an important side-interest. In Zürich he concentrated on local German dialects, but also taught Sanskrit. At Bonn taught Iranian languages and worked on Avesta.
Publications: diss. Grammatik der Pergamenischen Inschriften. B. 1898.
– “Über die altindischen und altiranischen Wörter für gut und böse”, Festgabe Kaegi 1919; “Profaner und heiliger Gürtel im alten Iran”, W&S 12, 1929, 20-37 & 302; Über die sog. missbräuchlichen Istrumentale im Avesta (titel uncertain), IF 47, 1929, 214-271; Iranian word studies, IF 49, 1931, 1-45.
– Kleine Schriften. Innsbruck 1983.
– wrote much on Schwyzerdutsch and especially on Greek, e.g. Griechische Grammatik. 1. Munich 1939 (2. remained incomplete).
Sources: *D. Cherubim, Lex. Gramm. 1996, 845; *M. Leumann, Idg. Jb. 27, 1948, 267-273 with photo (also in TITUS Galeria); H. H. Schaeder, ZDMG 97, 1943, 333-337; D.G.K. 1928/29; briefly D.B.E. 9, 1998, 248; bibliography in Kl. Schr.; briefly Wikipedia with photo (much more in German version).
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