LAET, Joannes de (Latin: Ioannes Latius)

LAET, Joannes de (Latin: Ioannes Latius). 1581 or 1593 — buried 15.12.1649. Flemish Geographer, Philologist and Naturalist, who wrote from secondary sources a well known book on India. Son of a cloth merchant from Antwerpen, he was student of Erpenius and Scaliger at Leiden. Worked as merchant, in 1620 one…

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LINWOOD, William

LINWOOD, William. Birmingham 1817 — ?.10.1878. Rev. British Classical Scholar. Son of Willim L., a merchant, and Mary Iliffe. Studied Classics and Sanskrit at Oxford from 1836 (won 1839 Boden Sanskrit Scholarship). M.A. 1842. He took orders and taught at Shrewsbury school, then public examiner at Oxford. As a scholar,…

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SHAW, Robert Barkley

SHAW, Robert Barkley. London 12.7.1839 — Mandalay, Burma 15.6.1879. British Traveller in Central Asia, then Civil Servant in Burma. Son of Robert Grant Shaw, “educated at Marlborough and Trinity College, Cambridge, became a tea-planter in Kangra. Travelled in 1868 as a merchant to Eastern Turkestan, reaching Yarkand and Kashgar, Jan.…

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ROSE, Horace Arthur

ROSE, Horace Arthur. East Grinstead 25.11.1867 — Saint Brélade, Jersey 18.9.1933. British Colonial Servant in India. Son of a merchant. Educated at St.Paul’s School and Emmanuel College, Cambridge. In 1888-1917 in I.C.S. In 1901 Census Superintendent for Pañjāb, in 1901-06 Superintendent of Ethnography for Pañjāb, in 1906-17 District and Session…

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PFUNGST, Arthur

PFUNGST, Arthur Joseph. Frankfurt a.M. 9.3.1864 — Frankfurt a.M. 3.10.1912. German Poet and Bauddha. Son of Julius Pf., a tobacco merchant, studied chemistry and mathematics at Leipzig (dr. 1886). Succeeded his father as one of the owners of Naxos-Union (manufacturing grinding machines) in Frankfurt/Main, but mainly concentrated on Buddhist studies.…

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PAES, D

PAES, D. 14?? — 15??. Portuguese Merchant in India. In c. 1520 wrote his account, characterized by reliable and exact observations and including important information about Vijayanagara. The manuscript came to Portugal and was used by Barros, but then forgotten. Publications: ed. together with the account of F. Nuniz by…

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NUNIZ, F.

NUNIZ (Nunes), Fernão. 1??? — 15??. Portuguese Merchant in India. In 1535-37 stayed in Vijayanagar and then wrote an account, including a short history of the Vijayanagara Empire. The manuscript came to Portugal and was used by Barros, but then forgotten for many years. Publications: Ed. together with the account…

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NIKITIN, Afanasij

NIKITIN, Afanasij. Tver around 1433 (?) — Smolensk 1472 or 1475 (?). Russian Traveller in India. A merchant from Tver, he visited Persia and India, and wrote a good account of these countries. The chronology of his travel is uncertain. He left Tver in 1466, 1469, or 1471 and travelled…

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NIEUHOFF, Johan

NIEUHOFF, Johan. Uelsen 22.7.1618 — Madagascar 8.10.1672. Dutch Traveller in India in the middle of the 17th century. In 1640-49 in Brazil during the Dutch attempt to establish a colony there, then in in service of the Dutch East India Company. Resided several years in Batavia, also visiting several times…

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NIEDERMANN, Max

NIEDERMANN, Max. Winterthur 19.5.1874 — Neuchâtel 12.1.1954. Swiss Linguist (Classical and IE). Son of a merchant, educated in Winterthur. Studies at Zürich and Basel, Ph.D. 1897. From 1899 PD of Comparative Linguistics, esp. Latin, at Basel, 1903 PD at Neuchâtel, 1905 ao. Professor there, 1909 at Basel. In 1900-06 also…

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