KNAUER, Friedrich

KNAUER, Friedrich (Russian Fedor Ivanovič Knauèr, Ukrainian Fedir/Fridrih Ivanovič Knauer). Bessarabia 3.8.(15.8.)1849 — 1918. Russian (German) Indologist in Ukraina. Professor in Kiev. Born in a family of German origin in Bessarabia (now Moldova). After a while of working in Berdjansk started in 1872 studies of theology and philology at Dorpat (Tartu) in Estonia, i.al. under Leo Meyer and L. von Schröder. Cand. gramm. comp. 1879. In 1880-83 further studies at Jena (Delbrück and Cappeller) and at Tübingen (Roth). Back in Dorpat 1883 Mag. gr. comp. and 1884 Dr. gr. comp. (Ph.D.). From 1884 PD and from 1885 Docent at Dorpat. In 1886-1914 Professor of Comparative Philology at Kiev University in Ukraina. After the outbreak of the war he was arrested as pro-German and deported to Siberia.

Under influence of Schröder and Delbrück FK started his career as a linguist, but soon Roth introduced him into Vedic ritual (GobhGS), and the main part of his work he did in philological research of ritual literature. Among his students were Ahvlediani, Barannikov and Larin.

Publications: mag.diss. Dorpat 1882 publ. as: “Ueber die betonung der composita mit a privativum im sanskrit”, KZ 27, 1885, 1-68.

dr.diss.: edited: Das Gobhilagṛhyasūtra. 7+26+32 p. Dorpat 1884; Teil 2. id. l. transl. 1886.

– “Zu iti und ca”, Festgruss Böhtlingk 1888, 62-67.

with V. F. Miller: Rukovodstvo k izučeniju sanskrita (Grammatika, teksty i slovar’). 8+124+157 p. St.P. 1891; alone: Učebnik sanskritskogo jazyka. Grammatika, hrestomatija, slovar’. 8+296 p. Lp. 1908.

edited: Das Mānava-Gṛhya-Sūtra. 54+191 p. St.P. 1897; Das Mānava-Çrauta-Sūtra. 1-2. 16+74+13+131 & 10+85 p. St.P. 1900-03.

– “Ueber Varunas Ursprung”, OC 14, Alger 1905, 1:1, 1906, 222-231.

Sources: Bongard-Levin & Vigasin, Image of India 100f.; *Vigasin 2008, 194f.; Album Academicum Dorpatense 1801-1889, nr. 9096; Ukrains’ka rabjans’ka enciklopedija 6, 1961, s.v.; scattered information in L. von Schröder, Lebenserinnerungen; *http://samskrtam.ru/friedrich-knauer/ with photo (in Russian).

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