SAPIR, Edward

SAPIR, Edward. Lauenburg, Pomerania (now Lębork, Poland) 26.1.1884 — New Haven 4.2.1939. U.S. Linguist and Anthropologist. Born in a Lithuanian Jewish family, which emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1890. Grew up in Richmond, Virginia, and New York. From 1901 studies of Germanic and IE Linguistics at Columbia, graduated B.A. 1904,…

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PENKA, Karl

PENKA, Karl. Müglitz, Moravia (now Mohelnice, Czech) 26.10.1847 — Vienna 10.2.1912. Austrian Anthropologist, Linguist and Aryan Enthusiast. Studies of anthropology and comparative linguistics. In 1873-1906 schoolteacher (professor) at Maximiliansgymnasium in Vienna. He connected linguistics with ethnology equating language groups with supposed human races. Propagated a theory of Scandinavian origin of…

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MOBERLY, Arthur Norman

MOBERLY, Arthur Norman. New Alresford, Hampshire 1873 — Southwark, Surrey 24.5.1934. British Civil Servant in India. Son of John Cornelius M. and Caroline Hunter. Educated at Winchester and Christ Church, Oxford (M.A.). Arrived at India in 1896 and served as magistrate in Bengal. Superintendent of Ethnography in Bengal, finally Chief Secretary…

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MARSHALL, William Elliot

MARSHALL, William Elliot. 1826? — Torquay, Devon 21.11.1888. British Colonial Officer and Anthropologist in India. Son of an officer, educated at Rugby. Lieutenant-Colonel of Bengal Staff Corps (1873). Retired as Major-General. Married 186? Caroline Sylvia Hardy, one daughter, one son. During a furlough in Ootacamund he interested in Todas and conducted…

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LEWIS, Oscar

LEWIS, Oscar (born Lefkowitz). New York 25.12.1914 — New York 16.11.1970. U.S. Anthropologist. Son of a rabbi, raised in a farm in upper New York state. Studies at Columbia University, switched from history (B.A. 1936) to anthropology (Ruth Benedict). Ph.D. 1940 there. Taught at at Brooklyn College and Washington University (St.Louis),…

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HABERLANDT, Michael

HABERLANDT, Michael. Altenburg (now Mosonmagyaróvár, Hungary) 29.9. 1860 — Vienna 14.6.1940. Austrian Anthropologist and Indologist. Son of Agronomist Friedrich H. Studies of Indology, etc. at Vienna, Ph.D. 1882. In 1892 he became the first PD of Ethnology at Wien University, from 1910 with ao. Professor’s title. From 1895 employed in…

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FUCHS, Stephen

FUCHS, Stephen. Bruck an der Mur 30.4.1908 — St.Gabriel, Mödling 17.1.2000. S.V.D. Austrian Missionary and Anthropologist in India. Joined the Society of Divine Word in 1927 and studied theology at Bonn and St.Gabriel in Mödling, also linguistics under Wilhelm Schmidt. Ordained as Roman Catholic priest in 1934 he went immediately…

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WESTPHAL-HELLBUSCH, Sigrid

WESTPHAL-HELLBUSCH, Sigrid. Rendsburg 10.6.1915 — Oldenburg 1.2.1984. German Anthropologist. Professor in Berlin. Grew up in Berlin. From 1935 studied Anthropology, Geography and Psychology at Berlin. Ph.D. 1940. Then worked at Staatliches Museum für Völkerkunde. PD 1946 Berlin (Humboldt University), in 1951-53 Professor there. Moved to West Berlin, she was PD,…

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SINGER, Milton Borah

SINGER, Milton Borah. Poland 15.7.1912 — New York 5.12.1994, when 82. U.S. Anthropologist of India. Born in a Jewish family in Poland, son of Julius Singer and Esther Greenberg. The family emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1920, settling in Detroit, 1921 naturalized. Studies of psychology (B.A. 1934) and philosophy (M.A.…

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SELIGMAN, Brenda Zara

SELIGMAN, Brenda Zara (née Salaman). London 26.6.1883 — Kensington 2.1.1965. British Anthropologist. Daughter of Myer and Sarah Salaman, studied pre-medical biology at Bedford College in London. Married 1907 —> Charles Gabriel S., with whom she then collaborated, but also became known as independent scholar. In 1907-08 they were in Ceylon…

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