CIPRIANI, Lidio

CIPRIANI, Lidio. Florence 17.3.1892 — Florence 8.10.1962. Italian Anthropologist. Son of Cesare C. Matriculated from Florence 1907. After army service 1915-19 studies of natural sciences at Florence. Ph.D. 1923 in Anthropology. Further studies in Paris and London. From 1926 Docente, then Professor of Anthropology at Florence. Cipriani was an old-fashioned…

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CANDOLLE, Bertrand de

CANDOLLE, Bertrand de. 1929 — 1999. Swiss, probably Catholic Missionary. Musée d’ethnographie de Génève has Indian material donated by him and the page https://popups.uliege.be/0457-4184/index.php?id=201&lang=en gives name, life years and connection with the same museum (without mentioning India or his profession). Publications: “Contribution à l’étude des Nahals (Inde)”, Anthropos 56, 1961, 750-788. Sources: No further…

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BÜCHI, Ernst Carl

BÜCHI, Ernst Carl. Adorf, Thurgau 3.9.1914 — Löhningen, Schaffhausen 1.11.1982. Swiss Physical Anthropologist. Professor in Berlin. Grew up in Thurgau, school in Schaffhausen. Studies at Zürich, Ph.D. 1942 under Schlaginhaufen. Assistant, then PD of geography at Zürich. Second Ph.D. 1949 Copenhagen. From 1950-58 Superintendent in Department of Anthropology in Calcutta,…

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BETTS, Ursula (née Bower)

BETTS, Ursula  Violet Graham (née U. V. G. Bower). England 15.5.1914 — 12.11.1988. British Anthropologist. Daughter of Commander John Graham Bower (RN). Educated at Roedean School, but family difficulties prevented planned studies at Oxford. First visit to North-East India (Naga Hills) in 1937, returned in 1939 and began anthropological fieldwork.…

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BERNOT, Lucien

BERNOT, Lucien. Gien (Loiret) 2.12.1919 — Brantes (Vaucluse) 14.7.1993. French Anthropologist. Grew up in country, from the age of 14 worked as typographist. After WW II studied Chinese at É.L.O.V., then ethnography and Tibetan at É.P.H.É. In 1947-64 research scholar in C.N.R.S. In 1961-64 also chargé de conférences, 1964-78 directeur…

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BALFOUR, Henry

BALFOUR, Henry. Croydon 11.4.1863 — Headington, Oxford 9.2.1939. British Archaeologist and Anthropologist. Son of Lewis Balfour, a silk broker, and Sarah Walker Comber, educated at Charterhouse. Studies at Oxford (Trinity College), graduated 1885 in biology. Worked under H. N. Moseley in Pitt Rivers Museum (Oxford), at his death in 1891…

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STAUDE, Wilhelm

STAUDE, Wilhelm. Vienna 1904 — ?.3.1977. Austrian Art Historian and Anthropologist in France. Son of a merchant, lost early his father. Studies of Oriental Art History at Vienna, Leipzig and Munich. Ph.D. 1935 Munich. From 1932 stayed mainly in Paris. During the war in concentration camp as his mother was…

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SPITTEL, Richard L.

SPITTEL, Richard Lionel. Tangalle 9.12.1881 — Colombo 3.9.1969. British Physician, Anthropologist and Author in Sri Lanka, a Pioneer of Vedda Research. Son of Dr. Frederick George Sp., of Ceylon Health Service, and Zilla Jansz. After Colombo Royal College and Ceylon Medical College trained in 1906-09 as surgeon in London. Returned…

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SAPIR, Edward

SAPIR, Edward. Lauenburg, Pomerania (now Lębork, Poland) 26.1.1884 — New Haven 4.2.1939. U.S. Linguist and Anthropologist. Born in a Lithuanian Jewish family, which emigrated to the U.S.A. in 1890. Grew up in Richmond, Virginia, and New York. From 1901 studies of Germanic and IE Linguistics at Columbia, graduated B.A. 1904,…

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PENKA, Karl

PENKA, Karl. Müglitz, Moravia (now Mohelnice, Czech) 26.10.1847 — Vienna 10.2.1912. Austrian Anthropologist, Linguist and Aryan Enthusiast. Studies of anthropology and comparative linguistics. In 1873-1906 schoolteacher (professor) at Maximiliansgymnasium in Vienna. He connected linguistics with ethnology equating language groups with supposed human races. Propagated a theory of Scandinavian origin of…

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