STCHOUKINE, Ivan

STCHOUKINE, Ivan (Ivan Vasil’evič Ščukin). 1886 — Beirut ?.10.1975. Russian Art Historian in France. Son of textile merchant and collector Vasilij S. (in one source Sergej). After revolution settled in Paris, now studies under Pelliot, Foucher, et al. After doctorate concentrated on Islamic art, visited Istanbul and Cairo and later…

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SPRENGER, Aloys

SPRENGER, Aloys. Nassereith, Tyrol 3.9.1813 — Heidelberg 19.12.1893. Austrian Oriental Scholar, in India 1842-56. then Professor in Bern. Son of a customs officer, gymnasium in Innsbruck. Studied medicine and Oriental languages at Vienna, then from 1836 in London. British citizen 1838. Dr.Med. 1840 Leiden. In 1842 went to India. Director…

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SPIES, Otto

SPIES, Otto. Bad Kreuznach 5.4.1901 — Bonn 29.10.1981. German Semitist (Arabic Scholar) also interested in Hindi. Professor in Bonn. Studies of Oriental languages (Ph.D. 1923 under E. Littmann) and law (Dr. juris 1924) at Bonn and Tübingen, then Assistant at Bonn under P. Kahle in 1925-32. PD 1927 Bonn for…

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SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel.

SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel Théodore. Mulhouse (Alsace, then Mühlhausen in German Elsaß) 19.12.1904 — Princeton NJ 21.10.1972. French (Alsatian) Archaeologist of Afghanistan. Son of a protestant factory owner, nephew of the Oriental scholar Paul Perdrizet (1870–1932). After school in Mulhouse studied history and geography at Strasbourg (licence 1925), then in Paris (dipl.…

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SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich

SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich. Göttingen 31.1.1896 — Göttingen 13.3.1957. German Iranian and Semitic Scholar. Professor in Berlin and Göttingen. Son of Erich S. (1861–1936; Professor of Theology at Göttingen 1896-99, Kiel 1899-1918, and Breslau). Interrupted school in Kiel in 1914 and joined the army as voluntary, served in France, Lithuania and…

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WHEELER, Sir Mortimer

WHEELER, Mortimer (Robert Eric Mortimer; “Ric”). Glasgow 10.9.1890 — Surrey 22.7.1976. British archæologist. Sir. Son of journalist Robert Wh. and Emily Baynes. Grew up in Edinburgh and near Bradford (where school). Studies at London University College, in 1914 begun his work as archæologist and married. In 1914-18 in army in…

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RENAUDOT, Eusèbe

RENAUDOT, Eusèbe. Paris 20.7.1646 — Paris 1.9.1720. Abbé. French Theologian and Oriental Scholar. Born as the eldest of the 14 children of a physician and scholar, developed early an interest in studies and therefore entered ecclesiastical career. In 1666 joined Oratorians, but never took more than minor orders. Studied theology…

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RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus)

RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus, Reelant). De Rijp, North Holland 17.7.1676 — Utrecht 5.2.1718. Dutch Oriental Scholar. Professor in Utrecht. Son of Johannes R., a Protestant minister, and Aagje Prins. Educated in Amsterdam, from 1693 studies at Utrecht. Ph.D. 1699 Utrecht. After a short time as Professor of Physics and Metaphysics…

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REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint

REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint. Lambesc (Bouches-du-Rhône, Provence) 4.12.1795 — Paris 14.5.1867. Abbé. French Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar and Historian. Professor in Paris. After seminary in Aix studied theology from 1814 in Paris, where he soon became student of Silvestre de Sacy. As secretary of de Portalis he continued his studies in…

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RAU, Heimo

RAU, Heimo. Breslau 30.12.1912 — Filderstadt 30.12.1993. German Art Historian and Indologist. Long time in India. Son of Stadtbaurat Ernst Rau and Hedwig Czeschka (of Austria), both Steinerians. Studies of art history, archaeology and Indology at Vienna. In 1933 Assistant at excavations at Freistritz-Pulst. Ph.D. 1935 Vienna. In 1938-45 Assistant…

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