STCHOUKINE, Ivan

STCHOUKINE, Ivan (Ivan Vasil’evič Ščukin). 1886 — Beirut ?.10.1975. Russian Art Historian in France. Son of textile merchant and collector Vasilijj S. (in one source Sergej). After revolution settled in Paris, nor studies under Pelliot, Foucher, et al. After doctorate continued with Islamic art and visited Istanbul and Cairo and…

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SPRENGER, Aloys

SPRENGER, Aloys. Nassereith, Tyrol 3.9.1813 — Heidelberg 19.12.1893. Austrian Oriental Scholar, in India 1842-56. Professor in Bern. Studied medicine and Oriental languages at Vienna, then in Paris and London. Dr.Med. 1840 Leiden. In 1842 went to India. Director of Madrasa in Delhi, then 1848-49 in Lucknow studying Islamic manuscripts of…

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SPIES, Otto

SPIES, Otto. Bad Kreuznach 5.4.1901 — Bonn 29.10.1981. German Semitist (Arabic Scholar) also interested in Hindi. Professor in Bonn. Studies of Oriental languages (Ph.D. 1923 under E. Littmann) and law (Dr. juris 1924) at Bonn, then Assistant there under P. Kahle in 1925-32. PD 1927 Bonn für Semitistik und Islamkunde.…

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SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel.

SCHLUMBERGER, Daniel Théodore. Mulhouse (Alsace, then German Elsaß) 19.12.1904 — Princeton NJ 21.10.1972. French (Alsatian) Archaeologist of Afghanistan. Son of a protestant factory owner, nephew of the Oriental scholar Paul Perdrizet (1870–1932). After school in Mulhouse studied history and geography at Strasbourg, then Paris where he became student of René…

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SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich

SCHAEDER, Hans Heinrich. Göttingen 31.1.1896 — Göttingen 13.3.1957. German Iranian and Semitic Scholar. Professor in Berlin and Göttingen. Son of Erich S. (1861–1936; Professor of Theology at Göttingen 1896-99, Kiel 1899-1918, and Breslau). Interrupted school in Kiel and joined the army as voluntary, served in France, Lithuania and Transylvania. Even…

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RENAUDOT, Eusèbe

RENAUDOT, Eusèbe. Paris 20.7.1646 — Paris 1.9.1720. Abbé. French Theologian and Oriental Scholar. Born as the eldest of the 14 children of a physician and scholar, developed early an interest in studies and therefore entered ecclesiastical career. In 1§666 joined Oratorians, but never took more than minor orders. Studied theology…

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RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus)

RELAND, Adriaan (Hadrianus Relandus). De Rijp, North Holland 17.7.1676 — Utrecht 5.2.1718. Dutch Oriental Scholar. Professor in Utrecht. After a short time as Professor of Physics and Metaphysics at Harderwijk (1699–1791) he was Professor of Oriental Languages at Utrecht. Like his contemporaries, he was mainly interested in Semitic, but unlike…

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REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint

REINAUD, Joseph-Toussaint. Lambesc (Provence) 4.12.1795 — Paris 14.5.1867. Abbé. French Oriental (Arabic and Persian) Scholar. Professor in Paris. After seminary in Aix studied theology from 1814 in Paris, where he soon became student of Silvestere de Sacy. As secretary of de Portalis he continued his studies in 1818 in Rome.…

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RAU, Heimo

RAU, Heimo. Breslau 30.12.1912 — Filderstadt 30.12.1993. German Art Historian and Indologist. Long time in India. Son of Ernst Rau and Hedwig Czeschka (of Austria), both Steinerians. Studies of art history, archaeology and Indology at Vienna. In 1933 Assistant at excavations at Freistritz-Pulst. Ph.D. 1935 Vienna. In 1938-45 Assistant at…

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TYCHSEN, Thomas Christian

TYCHSEN, Thomas Christian. Horsbüll near Tønder in Slesvig 8.5.1758 — 23.10.1834. German Greek and Oriental Scholar and a Numismatician. Professor in Göttingen. Son of a minister, taught by father and at Husum Gymnasium. From 1777 studies of theology, classics and Oriental languages at Kiel, from 1779 languages at Göttingen under…

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