THOMAS, Edward

THOMAS, Edward. 31.12.1813 — Kensington (London) 10.2.1886. British Civil Servant and Indologist in India. Son of Honoratus Leigh Th., a surgeon, and his wife, née Cruikshank. Educated at Haileybury. In 1832 joined the Bengal Civil Service as a writer. Worked as judge in Delhi, soon Superintending Judge of Saugor and…

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MOLÉ, Marijan

MOLÉ, Marijan. Ljubljana 28.7.1924 — Paris 6.5.1963. Slovenian/Polish Iranian Scholar in Paris. Son of the Slovenian author and art historian Vojeslav M. (1886–1973) and a Polish mother. In 1925 father became Professor at Cracow and thus he spent his early years in Poland. In September 1939 the family escaped to…

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MOHL, Jules

MOHL, Jules (Julius von Mohl). Stuttgart 25.10.1800 — Paris 4/5.1.1876. French (German-born) Oriental Scholar in Paris. French citizen. Professor of Persian at Collège de France. Son of a high civil servant in Württemberg, Benjamin Ferdinand von Mohl and Louisa Friederica Autenrieth, his brothers were Robert (1799–1875, scholar of law and…

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MANDELSLO, Johann Albrecht von

MANDELSLO, Johann Albrecht von (Johan Albert v. M.). Schönberg, Mecklenburg 15.5.1616 — Paris 16.5.1644. German Traveller in India. Son of Hermann Clamor v. M. Started 1636 his travels together with his friend Adam Olearius (1599–1671) in Holstenian embassy to Persia, on his own he proceeded in 1638 from Isfahan to…

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KÜHNEL, Ernst

KÜHNEL, Paul Ernst Wilhelm Arthur. Neubrandenburg (Mecklenburg) 26.10.1882 — Berlin 5.8.1964. German Art Historian. Son of Paul K., a gymnasium teacher, and Eva-Hedwig Braun (d. 1885). Planned career as diplomat and studied in Paris and Vienna, but from 1902 art history and archaeology at Munich, then Heidelberg. Ph.D. 1906 Heidelberg (diss.…

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KOHLER, Josef

KOHLER, Josef. Offenburg 9.3.1849 — Berlin-Charlottenburg 3.8.1919. German Legal Scholar interested in India. Son of an elementary school teacher, the elder Josef K. and Amalie Schmieder, educated in Offenburg and Rastatt. Studies of law at Heidelberg and Freiburg, promotion 1873. After some time as attorney in Mannheim became without habilitation…

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KOHLBRUGGE, Dina Johanna

KOHLBRUGGE, Dina Johanna (Hanna). Utrecht 25.7.1911 — Utrecht 13.12.1999. Dutch Indologist and Iranian scholar. Gymnasium in Utrecht. Studies of Indology at Utrecht under Gonda. Ph.D. 1938 Utrecht. During the war participated in the resistance movement, during free hours learned Persian and Arabic. After the war further studies in London and…

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KLIMKEIT, Hans-J.

KLIMKEIT, Hans-Joachim. Ranchi, India 22.7.1939 — 7.2.1999. German scholar of Comparative, Indian and Central Asian Religions. Professor in Bonn. Son of a mission­ary, Johannes Kl. of Gossner Mission. Grew up in India, came to Germany in 1955. After matriculation 1958 from Söderblom-Gymnasium (in Espelkamp, Kr. Minden-Lübbecke) studies of ev. theology,…

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HOROVITZ, Josef

HOROVITZ, Josef (Chajim). Lauenburg, Pommern (Lębork in Poland) 26.7.1874 — Frankfurt 5.2.1931. German Oriental (Arabic) Scholar. Born in a Jewish family, son of the orthodox Rabbi and historian Marcus H. (1844–1910, originally from Hungary), his brother was the Rabbi and philologist Jacob H. (1873–1939). Educated in Frankfurt. Studies at Marburg…

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HOERNLE, A. F. Rudolf

HOERNLE, Augustus Frederick Rudolf. Sikandra near Agra 19.10.1841 — Oxford 12.11.1918. British (of German background) Teacher and Indologist in India. Son of the missionary Christian Theophilus H. (1804–1882, translated the Gospels into Urdū), born as British citizen. In 1848 he was sent to his grandparents in Germany for education. School in Stuttgart,…

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