TYCHSEN, Thomas Christian

TYCHSEN, Thomas Christian. Horsbüll, Schleswig (now Hordbøl near Tønder in Slesvig) 8.5.1758 — Göttingen 23.10.1834. German Greek and Oriental Scholar and a Numismatician. Professor in Göttingen. Son of a minister, taught by father and at Husum Gymnasium. From 1777 studies of theology, classics and Oriental languages at Kiel, from 1779…

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THOMPSON, John Perronet

THOMPSON, John Perronet. The Ridings, North Tyneside ?.6.1873 — London 8.8.1935. Sir. British Historian of Islamic and Modern India. Son of Vincent Thomas Th. and Eleanor Wade. Studies at Cambridge (Trinity College, B.A.). In 1896 joined I.C.S. Served as Chief Secretary to the Punjab Government 1916-21, as Political Secretary to…

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THOMAS, Edward

THOMAS, Edward. 31.12.1813 — Kensington 10.2.1886. British Civil Servant and Indologist in India. Son of Honoratus Leigh Th., a surgeon, and his wife, née Cruikshank. Educated at Haileybury. In 1832 joined the Bengal Civil Service as a writer. Worked as judge in Delhi, soon Superintending Judge of Saugor and Nerbudda…

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TEGNÉR, Esaias Henrik Vilhelm

TEGNÉR, Esaias Henrik Vilhelm. Källstorp, Malmöhus län 13.1.1843 — Lund 21.11.1928. Swedish Orientalist and Linguist. Professor in Lund. Son of a minister, Kristoffer T.,, and Emma Sofia Kinberg, grandson of the poet Esaias T. (1782–1843). Matriculated from Lund in 1859 and began studies at local university. M.A. 1865 Lund. Ph.D.…

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PIZZI, Italo

PIZZI, Italo. Parma 30.11.1849 — Turin 5/6.12.1920. Italian Indo-Iranian Scholar. Professor in Turin. Born in a large family of nobility, son of Agostino P. and Maria Teresa Prussia. Studied at Pisa Semitic, Indian and Germanic languages under De Benedetti, Lasinio and Teza. Ph.D. 1871 Pisa. Worked as teacher in Parma…

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PIGULEVSKAJA, Nina Viktorovna

PIGULEVSKAJA, Nina Viktorovna (née Stebnickaja). St.Petersburg 1.(13.)1.1894 — Leningrad 17.2.1970. Russian Historian of Byzantium and the Near East. Studies of Semitics under P. K. Kokovcov, specialized in Syriac as the source language of early Byzantine and Sassanid history. In Byzantine studies student of A. A. Vasil’ev, in Arabic of I. Ju. Kračkovskij. In…

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NYBERG, Henrik Samuel

NYBERG, Henrik Samuel. Söderbärke, Dalarne 28.12.1889 — Uppsala 9.2.1974. Swedish Semitic and Iranian Scholar. Professor in Uppsala. Born in humble conditions as the son of Anders Fredrik N. (1854–1912), a poor curate, and Ida Mathilda Jansson (1867–1911), educated at home and in Västerås. In 1908 started Classical and Oriental studies…

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NESSELMANN, Georg Heinrich Ferdinand

NESSELMANN, Georg Heinrich Ferdinand. Fürstenau, Kr. Elbing (now Kmiecin in Poland) 24.2.1811 — Königsberg 1.7.1881. German Indo-Iranian, Baltic and IE Linguist. Professor in Königsberg. Son of a minister, taught by father at home until 16, then at Elbing Gymnasium. From 1831 he studied mathematics at Königsberg and soon became interested…

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MUIR, John

MUIR, John. Glasgow 5.2.1810 — Edinburgh 7.3.1882. British (Scottish) Indologist in India (1829-54) and in Edinburgh. Son of William Muir (d. 1820), a merchant, and Helen Macfie, elder brother of Sir William Muir (1819–1905) who also served in India and was a well known scholar of Arabic and Islam. Educated…

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MORELAND, William Harrison

MORELAND, William Harrison. Belfast 13.7.1868 — Gerrards Cross, Buckinghamshire 28.9.1938. British Historian of Islamic India. Born in Northern Ireland, son of the elser W.H.M. Educated 1881-86 at Clifton College, Somerset. In 1886 accepted to I.C.S., studied law and other subjects at Cambridge (LL.B. 1889 Trinity College). In India served as…

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