VARTHEMA, Ludovico di

VARTHEMA, Ludovico di. Bologna 1470? — Rome before June 1517. Italian Traveller in India. Claiming to have started his travels only in order to win fame he left Italy late in 1502 and travelled on the route Venice–Cairo–Beyrout–Damas–Mecca (the first known non-Muslim there), using Muslim robe, then by ship to…

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YULE, Henry.

YULE, Henry. Inveresk near Edinbourgh 1.5.1820 — London 30.12.1889. British (Scots) Historian in India. The youngest son of Major William Yule (retired from Indian service in 1806). Educated in Edinburgh and in 1837-38 at East India Company’s Military College in Addiscombe. He went to India following the newly opened “land…

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YOUNGHUSBAND, Francis Edward

YOUNGHUSBAND, Francis Edward. Murree, Rawalpindi dt. 31.5.1863 — Lytchett Minster, Dorset 31.7.1942. Sir. British Colonial Officer, Diplomate, Traveller, and Central Asian Scholar. In 1882-1909 in India and Asia. Son of Major-General John William Y. (1823–1907, in India 1840–70) and Clara Jane Shaw (sister of —> Robert Shaw). After Sandhurst, joined…

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ODORICO DA PORDENONE

ODORICO DA PORDENONE (Odorico Mattiuzzi). 1265/74/86 — Udine 14.1.1331. Italian Franciscan Friar and Traveller in Asia. From Pordenone in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. Wrote a famous account of his journey to China and Central Asia. Started for his journey between 1314/18, together with James of Ireland, and remained several years in the…

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NUNIZ, F.

NUNIZ (Nunes), Fernão. 1??? — 15??. Portuguese Merchant in India. In 1535-37 stayed in Vijayanagar and then wrote an account, including a short history of the Vijayanagara Empire. The manuscript came to Portugal and was used by Barros, but then forgotten for many years. Publications: Ed. together with the account…

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NOUETTE, Charles

NOUETTE, Charles. Montlhéry 6.5.1869 — Paris 2.5.1910. French Traveller, the photographer of the Pelliot expedition in Central Asia in 1906-09. After the cossack destruction of the 1920s his and Stein’s photographs are the only remaining document of many Dunhuang murals. He was originally an electrician and self-taught photographer and had…

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MUNDY, Peter

MUNDY, Peter. Before 1609 — after 1667. British Trader and Traveller. From Penryn in Cornwall, son of a pilchard trader. In 1611 he became a cabin boy in a merchantman, gradually arose to higher positions. Visited France, Constantinople and Spain. Three times in India in E.I.C.’s service in 1628-34, 1636,…

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MOORCROFT, William

MOORCROFT, William. Ormskirk, Lancashire 1765 — Andkhui 25.8.1825. British Veterinary Surgeon and Traveller in North-West India. Born as illegitimate son of Ann M., educated in “Liverpool as a surgeon, studied veterinary science in France. Made a fortune by his veterinary practice in London, but lost it over patents. Appointed in…

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MILDENHALL (Midnall), John

MILDENHALL (Midnall), John. Little Bedwell, Wiltshire 1560 — Ajmer June 1614. British Traveller in India, self-styled envoy of the E.I.C. to Mughal Court in 1603. Son of Sir John M. A London merchant, he travelled on his own account, without any official position, although he often pretended the opposite. Starting…

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MENSCHING, Gustav

MENSCHING, Gustav. Hannover 6.5.1901 — Düren-Lendersdorf 30.9.1978. German Theologian and Scholar of Comparative Religion. Professor in Bonn. Son of Gustav M. (1869–1906), farmer and trader, and Johanna Schubart (1874–1956; Anna Vogler of Wikipedia is his grandmother). Studies of theology (Luth.), comparative religion, Indology and philosophy at Göttingen (1920-21) and Marburg,…

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