MARTIN, François

MARTIN, François. Paris 1634 — 31.12.1706. French Traveller in India. Illegitimate son of a wealthy spice merchant, after his death had to work as shop assistant. In 1663 joined the French E.I.C., served first in Madagascar, from 1768 in India, soon in charge of the factory in Masulipatan. In 1674…

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MARSHALL, John

MARSHALL, John. 16?? — 1677. British Traveller in India. Studies at Cambridge (M.A. Christ’s College). Employed by E.I.C. in India from 1668, apparently died there. Served in Bengal and under Job Charnock in Patna. Made a great number of notes on Indian customs, religion, etc., which were published only in the…

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MARKHAM, Clements Robert

MARKHAM, Clements Robert. Stillingfleet, Yorkshire 20.7.1830 — London 30.1.1916. Sir. British Traveller and Geographer. Son of Rev. David F. Markham and Catherine Milner. “Educated at Cheam and Westminster, entered the Navy in 1844. Served in the Arctic expedition, 1850-1, retired from the Navy, 1852. Travelled in Peru, 1852-5, introduced cinchona…

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MANUCCI, Niccolo

MANUCCI (MANNUCCI), Niccolo. Venice 19.4.1638 — Madras 1717. Italian Traveller in India. He run away from his Venetian home in the age of 14 in 1653, became servant to Viscount Bellemont and travelled via Smyrna, Isfahan, Gombron and by ship to Surat where he arrived in January 1656. The travel…

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MANNING, Thomas

MANNING, Thomas. Broome, Norfolk 8.11.1772 — Bath 2.5.1840  [Wikipedia near Dartfors 1840]. British Physician and Traveller in Asia, visited Lhasa. Buckland (with additions):“Son of the Rev. William M. ʼand Elizabeth Adams], educated at Caius College, Cambridge. Scholar, 1790-95, private tutor, studied mathematics, friend of Porson and Charles Lamb. Studied Chinese…

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LINSCHOTEN, Jan Huyghen van

LINSCHOTEN, Jan Huyghen van. Haarlem 1563 — Enkhuizen 8.2.1611. Dutch Traveller. Born in a Roman Catholic family (son of a public notary), grew up in Utrecht, then was sent to the Spain in 1679 in the age of 16 in order to learn commerce. After a few years in Valencia…

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LEWIS, James

LEWIS, James (pseudonym Charles Masson). Aldermanbury (Middlesex) 16.2.1800 — Edmonton (Middlesex) 5.11.1853. British pioneer of Archæology in Afghanistan. Son of oil dealerGeorge Lewis and Mary Hopcraft, apparently had a good education. Served in E. I. Company’s army, from 1821 in Bengal Artillery, soon after participation in the siege of Bharatpur…

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LE GENTIL DE LA GALAISSIÈRE, Guillaume-Joseph-Hyacinthe-Jean-Baptiste

LE GENTIL DE LA GALAISSIÈRE, Guillaume-Joseph-Hyacinthe-Jean-Baptiste. Coutances 12.9.1725 — Paris 22.10.1792. French Astronomer and Traveller, in India 1768–71. Instead of the planned career in church, but turned to astronomy. Left for India in 1760 in order to observe the transit of Venus in 1761, but missed the occasion because of…

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LEBEDEV, Gerasim Stepanovič

LEBEDEV, Gerasim Stepanovič (Herasim Lebedeff). Jaroslavl 1749 (not 1746) — 15.7.1817. Russian Musician, Traveller and Pioneer of Indology. Son of Stepan L. and his wife Paraskov’a. Father was a poor Orthodox clergyman, who did not allow him to obtain higher education. The family moved to St.Petersburg, where he studied music…

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KNOX, Robert

KNOX, Robert. London 8.2.1641 — Wimbledon, London 17.6.1720. British (Scottish) Traveller. In South Asia in 1657-94 (1659-79 prisoner in Ceylon). Son of Robert Knox, a Puritan and commander in E.I.C.’s service. Grew up in Wimbledon, Surrey. After mother’s death sailed with his father in January 1657 to Fort George. On…

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