LA VALLÉE POUSSIN, Louis Étienne Marie de

LA VALLÉE POUSSIN, Louis Étienne Marie de. Liège 1.1.1869 — Bruxelles 18.2.1938. Belgian Indologist, a specialist of Buddhism and History. Professor in Ghent. Son of a French father, of a family of mathematicians and scholars. Educated in Liège from 1881, in 1884-88 at Liège University. In 1888-90 at Leuven, where he started Sanskrit, Pāli and Avesta under de Harlez and Colinet, then further studies under Lévi and Henry in Paris (1891–92), now also taught Sanskrit at Liège. In 1893-94 taught comparative grammar of Greek and Latin at Ghent Uni­ver­sity, now also studied Buddhist Sanskrit under Kern at Leiden. From 1894 Professor of Sanskrit and comparative linguistics at Ghent. In consequence of the language dispute he had to give up his chair in 1929. His last years the great scholar lived in Brussels. Part of early dates might be wrong, other sources must be checked.

LVP was one of the greatest scholars of Buddhist literature and thought. Though himself a Catholic Christian, he was fascinated by Buddhist scholasticism. His special interests can be given in periods: 1892-96 Bodhicaryāvatāra, 1901-05 Prajñākaramati, 1903-07 Mādhyamika, 1905-08 conciles and redaction of the canon, from 1912 Vasubandhu, but all the time many further interests, generally dogmatics and lexicography. He was also a noted historian. Among his students were Mansion and Lamotte.

Publications: with G. de Blonay: “Contes bouddhiques: La légende de Çakkupala. La légende de Meddhakhuṇḍali”, RHR 26, 1892, 180-200.

Études et textes tantriques: Pañcakrama. 56 p. Recueil de travaux … Univ. de Gand 16. Gand & Louvain 1896.

edited: Bodhicaryāvatāra. 1898; Comm. of Prajñākāramati on the Bodhi­caryāva­tāra. B.I. Calcutta 1901-05.

Bouddhisme, études et matériaux (Ādikarmapradīpa, Bodhicaryāvatāraṭīkā). 417 p. Mém. Acad. R. Belg. 55. Bruxelles 1898; Id. (La théorie des douze causes). Gand 1913.

– “Dogmatique bouddhique I-II.”, JA 9:20, 1902, 237-306 & 10:2, 1903, 357-450.

edited: Mūlamadhyamakakārikās (Madhyamikasūtras) de Nāgārjuna. Publ. avec la Prasannapadā, commentaire de Candrakīrti. 665 p. B.B. 4. St.P. 1903-13.

– “Le bouddhisme et les évangelies canoniques à propos d’une publication recente”, Revue Biblique intern. N.S. 3, 1906, 353–381; “L’Histoire des religions de l’Inde et l’Apologétique”, Revue des Sciences Philosophiques et Théologiques 6, 1912, 490–526.

edited in Tibetan: Mādhyamakāvatāra par Candrakīrti. 427 p. B.B. 9. St.P. 1907-12; Nyāyabindu and Vinītadeva’s Commentary. 1907; with tr. “Vasubandhu, Viṁśaka­kārikāprakaraṇa. Traité de vingt ślokas, avec le commentaire de l’auteur”, Le Muséon 13, 1912, 53-90.

translated: Bodhicaryāvatāra. Introduction à la pratique des futurs Bouddhas. Poème de Çāntideva. P. 1907.

Bouddhisme: opinions sur l’histoire de la dogmatique. 417 p. P. 1909; Buddhism. L. 1909; Le Védisme. P. 1909; The Way to Nirvāṇa. 172 p. Cambridge 1917.

– “Documents sanscrits de la seconde collection M. A. Stein”, JRAS 1911, 759-777, 1063-1079; 1912, 355-377; 1913, 569-580; other articles on Central Asian Sanskrit fragments in JRAS etc.

ed. with E. J. Thomas: Mahāniddesa. 1-2. L., PTS 1916-17.

translated: Vasubandhu: Abhidharmakosa. 1-6. 1923-31, new ed. Mélanges chinois et bouddhiques 16. Bruxelles 1971-80; English translation by L. M. Pruden. 1-4. Berkeley 1988-90; Hiuan-tsang, Vijñaptimātrasiddhi. 1928.

Nirvāṇa. 23+194 p. Études sur l’histoire des religions 5. P. 1925; La morale bouddhique. 16+256 p. P. 1927; Le dogme et la philosophie du bouddhisme. 4+213 p. Études sur l’histoire des religions 6. P. 1930.

Indo-européens et Indo-iraniens, l’Inde vers 300 av. J.-C. 345 p. Histoire du Monde 3. P. 1924, new ed. 407 p. P. 1936; L’Inde aux temps des Mauryas et des barbares grecs, scythes, parthes et Yue-tchi. 376 p. Histoire du Monde 6:1. Paris 1930; Dynasties et Histoire de l’Inde depuis Kanishka jusqu’aux invasions musulmanes. 20+396 p. Ibid. 6:2. P. 1935.

– “Madhyamaka”, Mél. chinois et bouddhiques 2, 1933, 147 p.

numerous articles in JA, Le Muséon, JRAS, IA, IC, ERE, IHQ, JRAS, etc.

Catalogue of the Tibetan Manuscripts from Tun-huang in the India Office Library. Edited by A. F. Thompson. 18+299 p. Oxford 1962.

Sources: *Lalou & Przyluski, Mélanges chinois et bouddh. 6, 1939, 5-10; *Lalou, Bibl. bouddh. 21-23, 1955; *Lamotte, BEFEO 38, 1938, 478-483 and *Annuaire de l’Académie royale de Belgique 131, 1965, 145-168; *N. N. Law, IHQ 16, 1940, iff.; Masson-Oursel, JA 230, 1938, 287-290; *IHQ 16, 1940, i–xiv (with Bibl. & Photo); P. Servais, D.O.L.F. 571; *C. Vielle, Nouvelle B.N.B. 10, 2010. 122–124; *bibliography by Lamotte in Revue des Alumni de la Fondation Universitaire 4:3, 1933, and in *Mélanges chinois et bouddh. 23, 1955; Wikipedia (Englush & French).

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